Reformation on the Continent.
Speer 1Shannon SpeerMr./Dr. FlowersWestern Civ. II Online14 June 2020English Protestant ReformationHenry ended with Rome and established the Protestant Church of England for political,financial, and dynastic reasons, not religious or moral ones. The Thirty Years’ War caused bynew intellectual ideas of Renaissance, religious ideals of the Protestant Reformation, andpolitical conflicts in Bohemia; the results of this war can see in the immediate effects of thePeace of Westphalia and the long-term impact on France and Germany.The English reformation was integrated in England and controlled by King Henry VIII.The Protestant Reformation based on modernizing the Catholic Church. It had many peopleinvolved and was pervasive throughout Europe (Cole and Symes 358). The English Reformationwas the sequence of events in 16th-Century England by which the Church of England first brokeaway from the influence of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.In England, rule broke away from Church (Henry VIII), and everyone had to follow,while in Protestant thinkers broke away (Luther), but not everyone had to follow. Based onHenry VIII’s yearning for an annulment of his marriage, the English Reformation more of apolitical affair than a religious quarrel (Cole and Symes 359). The realism of political differencesbetween Rome and England allowed growing theological debates to come to the forefront.Before the rupture with Rome, it was the Pope and general councils of the Church that decideddoctrine. The code of canon low-governed church law with final jurisdiction in Rome. Churchtaxes paid to Rome and the Pope had the final say over bishops’ appointment. The divide fromRome made the English monarch the Supreme Governor of the English Church by “RoyalSupremacy,” thereby establishing the Church of England the established Church of the nation. Speer 2Doctrinal and legal quarrels now rested with the monarch, and the papacy deprived of profits andthe final say on the appointment of bishops.The Protestant Reformation, was also known as the Protestant Revolt, was the EuropeanChristian reform crusade that established Protestantism as a constituent branch of contemporaryChristianity (Cole and Symes 344). It began in 1517 when Martin Luther published The NinetyFive Theses and finished in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia that ended years of Europeanreligious wars (Cole and Symes 347). The reformation led to a series of religious wars thatconcluded in the Thirty Years’ War, which devastated Germany.Throughout the 16th century in Europe, both England and Germany experienced reformsthat shared similar and divergent social and political motives for change that cumulated indifferent religious ideas that sprouted from each reformation. The Thirty Years War (1618-1648)caused by new intellectual ideas of the Renaissance, religious ideals of the ProtestantReformation, and political conflicts in Bohemia; the results of this war can see in the immediateeffects of the Peace of Westphalia and the long-term impact on France and Germany. Speer 3Works CitedCole, Joshua, and Carol Symes. Western Civilizations: Their History and Their Culture. BriefFourth Edition. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2017, pp. 344-355.Cole, Joshua, and Carol Symes. Western Civilizations: Their History and Their Culture. BriefFourth Edition. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2017, pp. 358-361. Speer 4Reformation in Europe led by Martin Luther, John Calvin and others.Comparing and Contrasting Essay—One Page PaperCompare and Contrast “The Reformation on the European Continent and theReformation in England”Where do you think the English Reformation originated?Did the English Reformation differ from Luther’s Reformation on the Continent? Assignment InformtionUse this assignment link to submit your “English Protestant Reformation–OnePage Reflection Paper” assignment. You should upload/submit your reflection paper as a Word document in Blackboard. The deadline for uploading your assignment is Thursday, June 11, 2020, at 10:00 p.m.After you read chapter 13 (pages 344 – 355 on the Reformation in Europe led byMartin Luther, John Calvin, and others, and pages 358 – 361 on the Reformationin England) and review the power point and other resources in the folder onBlackboard, write a one-page reflection paper comparing or contrasting “the Reformation on the European Continent and the Reformation in England.” Historians offer different interpretations of whether the English Protestant Reformationmovement began “from below” (or “bottom up”) with local individuals and localChurch officials calling for reforms in the Roman Catholic Church or whether theReformation was “from above” (or “top down”) with the reforms imposed onthe people by the government and monarchy or by the leaders of the Church. Youmay use either the “from below” or “from above” perspective to as part of yourresponse. Where do you think the English Reformation originated? And perhaps,did the English Reformation differ from Luther’s Reformation on the Continent?